C&NW Baywindow Cabeese

     By the mid-1950s, many changes had taken place along the Carolina & North-Western Railway. The company now leased and operated four other shortlines (Yadkin; Blue Ridge; Danville & Western; and the High Point, Randleman, Asheboro, & Southern)  in the Southern Railway fold. Passenger trains were gone from all of these shortlines by now; however, freight business was climbing.
      In the same timeframe, the Southern Railway was updating its aging wooden caboose fleet with modern baywindow style units. Similar plans followed for the Carolina & North-Western.
      Ten baywindow cabs, numbered X25-X34 were built for the C&NW from April 1954 until November 1955 by the Southern Railway at the Hayne Shops in Spartanburg, SC. They were scattered among the Lenoir, Albemarle, Martinsville, Asheboro, and Anderson divisions. Accounting records indicate that all of the cabs were owned by the C&N-W company, and none were sublettered for the leased roads.

Over the operational life of these units, there were four basic paint and setup phases that have been clearly determined. Naturally, they closely mirror the various Southern Railway practices and phases that existed, but there are some important differences. Furthermore, there are some exceptions to nearly each of these phases. If one chooses to model a C&N-W caboose, the old addage about selecting a particular number at a particular date is particularly wise.

In short, the four phases are:

Phase I: The bodies, roof, ends, and walks were painted red. The steps, ladders, and grab irons were painted yellow. There is some debate as to brakewheels being yellow or red, and photographic evidence supports both theories. The trucks and underframe were always black. Window edges were unpainted silver. Lettering was yellow. According to the late Sam McCall, a good model paint match for red is "Special Oxide Red", Pollyscale 414354. Yellow is 414122, and Black is 414290.

X31 at the Hickory shops, in 1956 by John Burn. Phase I with Red paint and yellow lettering and numbering. Note silver edging around the windows.

Phase II: The body, ends, window edges, brake wheels, and walks were painted brown. The steps, ladders,  and grabs were painted yellow. Lettering was white. According to Sam again, a match for the brown is Pollyscale "Boxcar Red" 414281 and "Light Freight Car Red" 414352 mixed 50/50. Most SR historians agree this phase for SR cabs began circa 1962 and lasted until around 1968, but some C&N-W cabeese wore this scheme as late as 1970 and even 1971.

X25, circa 1970 at an unknown location by unknown photographer. Taken circa 1970, still in the Phase II "boxcar red" scheme.

Phase III: Lasted from about 1968 until 1982, but probably did not hit the C&N-W until ca. 1973. Body, ends, walks, brake wheels, window edges bright red with white lettering, Yellow steps, ladders, and grabs. . The two center windows were blanked out. Generally speaking, the cabeese with no radios were given a yellow baywindow. However, the painting of the window was slightly different than the SR methodology. Under Southern styles, only the window itself was painted yellow. On C&N-W cabs, the flat body areas above and below the windows were also yellow (see photos below). Also, the lettering for the word "AND" was on a small red rectangular background in most cases. Photos confirm that X25, 26, 29, 31, and 33 became "Yellow Bellies." "HO Sam" again recommended good color matches with Pollyscale "Caboose Red" 414128.  A good yellow is "CNW yellow" 414191 for the bay window.

    X25  is seen here a few years later in SR pool service at Goldsboro, NC in a typical C&NW Phase III scheme. Note the red background on the baywindow for the numbering and lettering.

More Cabeese

HOME   BACK    Order Now